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The School System

The Texas public school system is structured to provide a tuition-free education for all Texas children regardless of race, religion, or ability. Public schools are self-governing, with their own leadership hierarchy and policymaking processes, but still accountable to state and federal entities.

Independent, consolidated, and municipal districts

Texas has 1,026 public school districts. Most are independent school districts or districts that have consolidated. Other special districts have different taxing and/or governance structures.

“Independent” indicates that the school district is separate from any municipality, county, or state—the school district has its own taxing authority outside the direct control of other governmental entities. “Consolidated” school districts are those formed from two or more districts.

Feeder patterns

Feeder patterns are the path that students follow as they progress through their education. Elementary schools feed into middle schools, and middle schools feed into high schools. These patterns can and do change as zones are redrawn to reflect development and changing demographics. Read more in Finding Your School.

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